This is an office visit to treat a group of conditions that limit jaw movement and may cause pain in the jaw joint and surrounding tissues.
Temporomandibular joint syndrome (TMJ) is a group of conditions that limit jaw movement and may cause pain in the jaw joint and surrounding tissues.
Some benefit plans exclude coverage for services to diagnose and treat temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disease, whether it is medical or dental in nature. Please review your coverage documents and/or call the number on the back of your ID card for more information. The estimates shown apply when the service is determined to be a covered service, eligible for in-network reimbursement.
The cause of TMJ disorders is unclear, but a variety of factors may be involved. Some factors that may contribute to overwork, fatigue, or tension of the jaw and surrounding muscles are:
Researchers are not sure if emotional stress, anxiety, and depression are contributing factors to developing TMJ. Research has also not shown that a bad bite, orthodontic treatment (braces and headgear), or chewing gum are involved in the development of TMJ.
TMJ symptoms are often temporary and go away on their own, with or without treatment. Therefore, conservative treatment is appropriate for most people with TMJ. This type of treatment emphasizes self-management measures, which include:
Your healthcare provider (doctor or dentist) may recommend over-the-counter pain relievers, such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (ibuprofen or naproxen). In some cases, physical therapy or an oral splint may be helpful. In some cases, muscle relaxants or antianxiety medications may be used for a short time.
Diagnosing TMJ disorders can be difficult because there is no specific diagnostic test available and symptoms similar to TMJ may be caused by other problems. If you have symptoms of a TMJ disorder, see your healthcare provider. He or she will take a medical history and perform a physical examination that focuses on your jaw. He or she will also ask questions about previous dental issues, injuries, illnesses, stress, and habits (such as grinding your teeth or biting your nails).
If you believe you may have a problem with your temporomandibular joint, you should see your healthcare provider or dentist.
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