Vaccine - Measles, Mumps, Rubella Varicella - MMRV Vaccine

This is a vaccine that decreases your child's risk of getting measles, mumps, rubella and chicken pox (varicella).

This is a vaccine that decreases your child's risk of getting measles, mumps, rubella and chicken pox (varicella).

Measles, mumps, rubella, or chicken pox (varicella) are four viral illnesses that used to be common in childhood. All four illnesses have potentially serious complications. Due to the widespread use of vaccines, these illnesses are becoming uncommon.

  • Measles is characterized by a rash, cough, runny nose, sore eyes and fever. Severe complications include pneumonia, seizures, brain damage and death (rare).
  • Mumps is characterized by fever, headache and swollen glands in the neck. Severe complications include deafness, meningitis and swollen testicles or ovaries. Involvement of the testicles may rarely result in sterility.
  • Rubella (German measles) is typically a minor viral illness. It can lead to serious birth defects, miscarriage or stillbirth if a woman contracts the virus while she is pregnant.
  • Chicken Pox (varicella) is typically a minor viral illness. It can cause discomfort and sometimes cause serious illness. The symptoms include itchy, fluid-filled blisters (poxes) that burst and crust over. The viral infection can easily spread to others who do not have immunity to chicken pox.

The MMRV is a combination vaccine for measles, mumps, rubella and varicella. You may be required to show proof of MMR vaccination before your child can attend school.

  • The vaccine contains live, but weakened, viruses.
  • This vaccine helps reduce the number of shots a child receives at one time.
  • It can be used in children twelve years of age and younger.

The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that children get their first dose of the MMR and chicken pox vaccine between twelve and fifteen months.

  • The second dose should be given before they enter school
  • Typically between four to six years of age

Children ages twelve through twenty-three months receiving the combination MMRV vaccine have a greater risk of febrile seizures than children who receive separate MMR and chicken pox vaccines at the same time.

  • For some children, separate MMR and chicken pox vaccines may be preferable for the first dose of the series.
  • MMRV is the preferred vaccine for the second dose of the series.
  • The combination MMRV vaccine is not recommended for either dose for children who have a personal or family history of seizures.
  • If the chickenpox vaccine and MMR vaccines aren't given at the same time, you must wait at least four weeks between the two immunizations.

The MMRV vaccine may be postponed if your child:

  • Has a moderate to severe illness
  • Has received a blood product containing an antibody (such as platelets, a blood transfusion or an immune globulin) within the last three to eleven months or will receive such a product in the next two weeks
  • Has a parent or sibling with a hereditary or congenital immunodeficiency
  • The chicken pox vaccine is not given until your child's healthcare provider verifies that your child does not also have an immunodeficiency
  • Is taking salicylates, including aspirin

Your child should not receive the vaccine at all if they have a severely weakened immune system or a serious allergy to gelatin or the antibiotic neomycin.

You should contact your healthcare provider if your child is not up to date on the MMR or varicella vaccines. Here is a list of questions you can ask during your appointment.

  • Do you recommend this vaccine for my child, and why?
  • Should my child receive the vaccines separately?
  • Does this vaccine need boosters, and when?
  • What are the side effects of this vaccine?
  • What are the risks if my child does not get the vaccine?


Also known as:

Varicella Vaccine
Vaccine Chickenpox
Vaccine Chicken Pox
Vaccine - Chickenpox
Immunization Chickenpox
Immunization Chicken Pox
Chickenpox Vaccine
Chickenpox Shot
Chickenpox Immunization
Chicken Pox Vaccine
Chicken Pox Shot
Chicken Pox Immunization
Vaccine Rubella
Vaccine Mumps
Vaccine MMR
Vaccine Measles
Vaccine - Measles
Rubella - MMR
Rubella Vaccine
Rubella Shot
Rubella Immunization
Mumps Vaccine
Mumps Shot
Mumps Immunization
MMR Vaccine
MMR Shot
MMR Immunization
Measles Vaccine
Measles Shot
Measles Immunization
Immunization Rubella
Immunization Mumps
Immunization MMR
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