This surgery involves removing one or more of the parathyroid glands. The surgery is called a parathyroidectomy.
There are four parathyroid glands. They are located near the center of the neck behind the thyroid gland. The parathyroid glands help control calcium levels in the blood and bone.
Hyperparathyroidism (high levels of parathyroid hormone) may occur because of the following:
Primary hyperparathyroidism is associated with an excessive amount of the parathyroid hormone being excreted. This can result in a high level of calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia).
Some of the symptoms associated with high levels of parathyroid hormone are:
The most common treatment for primary hyperparathyroidism is removal of one or more of the parathyroid gland(s). Prior to the surgery, tell your healthcare provider about any medications you are taking (including over-the-counter medications and supplements). Ask about specific instructions you should follow before the surgery. These may include:
If you are a smoker, you should quit smoking, as it can interfere with your recovery.
During your surgery, you will receive anesthesia to keep you comfortable and pain free.
What should I ask my healthcare provider before having a removal of my parathyroid gland(s)?
Make sure you understand your treatment plan, any possible alternatives and what medications are recommended (including possible side effects). Do not forget to make arrangements for transportation to and from the facility and for help at home. Your surgeon should also let your primary care physician know the details of your surgery and treatment plan.
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